|Map by Lindsay Paish 1989|
showing Dawes' probable route
Caley reached Mt. Banks on the 22nd of December 1804, twelve days after setting out from the junction of the Grose and Hawkesbury Rivers, travelling W.W.N.W. For the first three miles the country was good grazing land, but the rest of the land traversed was rough and barren. His view from the crest of Mt. Banks, to the westward, was of further mountainous country but no great gorges such as the Grose were in evidence. After his return, his opinion was that the limit of cultivation was the foothills of the mountains.
—they saw but one native in the desolate region, and he fled from their approach, preferring the solitary enjoyment of his rocks and woods, with liberty, to any intercourse with them. These hills appear to extend very far to the northward and the southward. An impossible barrier seems fixed to the westward and little hope was left of extending cultivation beyond the limits of the County of Cumberland.—
... this part of the river carried him to the westward and into the chasm seen to divide the high land, with some difficulty and some danger, meeting in the space of ten miles, no less than five waterfalls. Above this part the water was about fifteen yards from side to side ...
|Portrait of William Dawes |
image courtesy Rocks Discovery Museum
|Dawes' map drawn 1791, image: nla.obj-230635598|
|Emu Ford on the Nepean River 1958, image Blue Mountains Library|
...we are therefore able to conclude in the light of the researches and investigations which we have carried out in the field, that we have located and identified Mt. Twiss.
Dawes, William (1762–1836) ADB
"MOUNT TWISS CONTROVERSY" The Blue Mountain Echo (NSW : 1909 - 1928)22 October 1926: 1. Web. 15 Aug 2017